Deuterium – The Hoax That Will Not Die – Part Five

1989 report on the Escosa fraud. Click for larger picture.

Few news outlets in the Philippines have a science correspondent, none of those who do have one have given tasked their science correspondent to write about the claims. Hence most press references simply rehash Escosa’s press release. This includes opinion columnists, the result being little push-back on the fraud.

This desert of scientific illiteracy in print, broadcast, and online media does have a couple of oases of actual journalism. Filipino writer Alan C Robles debunked the scam in the South China Morning Post  in an article called Science Fiction ,while the Manila Times took apart an article in Business week in 2013 asking Did Businessweek fall for a 30-year-old hoax?
By 2017, however, Manila Times had forgotten that deuterium deposits are a fraud and published: “Scientists and experts believe the region is rich in gas and deuterium deposits”.¬†No expert nor scientist believes in deuterium deposits.
By then the scammers had moved their fictional shiny object of desire from the bottom of the Philippine Trench to the far shallower waters of Benham Rise/Philippine Rise, well within the capacity of existing technology to exploit, so no more excuses.

Continue reading “Deuterium – The Hoax That Will Not Die – Part Five”

Deuterium – The Hoax That Will Not Die – Part Four

Escosa swindled OFWs

Senator Marcos’s information, together with all social media posts and promotions, including those used by the notorious Alpha-Omega group, trace their origins to a swindler, now deceased, called Cesar K. Escosa who ran a recruitment agency in Quezon City.

He was, if nothing else, ambitious, filing candidacy for the 1998 elections. His certificate was denied by Comelec.

To impress the gullible, Escosa issued what he called a ‘Special Report’. This report is the basis of most of the deuterium claims and mixes a small scattering of facts with a heavy dose of pure fantasy and fabrication.

Here is that report, annotated:

Continue reading “Deuterium – The Hoax That Will Not Die – Part Four”

Deuterium – The Hoax That Will Not Die – Part Two

So, what actually is Deuterium? It is a type of hydrogen, also known as Hydrogen-2, with the symbol D or 2H instead of H and is known as an isotope. An atom of ordinary hydrogen, the most basic and lightest of all the elements, consists of a nucleus of one proton but Deuterium’s nucleus has an extra lump called a neutron. Combined with Oxygen it makes heavy water D2O2, aka Deuterium Oxide, which is about 10 per cent heavier than ordinary water, H20.

Deuterium is extracted from seawater using a process called the Girdler sulfide process, invented in 1943, which you can read about here.

It is non-toxic, odourless and flammable but, as with hydrogen, it will asphyxiate you if you are in an atmosphere containing too much of it, which is not going to happen in the real world, at least on Earth.

Heavy Water is everywhere, from inside your body and the water that comes out of your taps, about 1 in 3000 molecules of what you drink, to the oceans. The biggest concentration is one the surface of the sea, where sunlight evaporates lighter H20.

Heavy water is most often associated with nuclear power. Put simply it is used to soak up radiation to prevent the reactor melting down. That process turns Deuterium into Tritium, another hydrogen isotope with rather different characteristics – it is very poisonous and radioactive.

So, heavy water is used to control (moderate) nuclear reactions but does not generate energy itself.

Because Deuterium is stable, it does not spontaneously generate hydrogen for energy generation.

Now let us compare the Bongbong Marcos claims with scientific facts.

Part Three

Part One
Part Three
Part Four
Part Five