Interrogating Tallano – Is the Philippines the richest country in the world? Part 3


Back in 2009 the Philippine Court of Appeals invalidated a number of documents produce be those connected with the Tallano claim. You can read that decision by clicking on this photo. Among those documents was OC=01-4 and its derivatives. All were declared fraudulent.

But is that good enough?

Can I trust lawyers to establish the authenticity of a document in the absence of a forensic document examiner’s report and an analysis by a historian. I have a reason for not doing so: Until the mid-1990s or so, one outright fraud, the Code of Kalatiaw, produced by a known fraudster called Jose E Marco, and a document misrepresented as the early evidence of pre-hispanic treaties were required studies in Philippine law schools.

For decades not a single law student or professor had noticed, for instance, that a fort mentioned in the Code of Kalantiaw post-dated the supposed provenance of the code. Not one had noticed that the Maragtas was note based on ancient documents – the original publication says that those documents were not readable.

That being the case, I do not regard the dismissal of the OCT/Protocol 01-4 as in any way evidential without a report from a forensic document examiner and a historian familiar with the period. Since the document has not been made available for such examination it is unwise to draw any conclusion from a mere legal case.

Since we can only go by the sole document every presented in court, a supposed translation, then that is what we must look at.

:et us begin with the reference to Hacienda Filipina. Despite more than 300 years of Spanish government and reports from monks and friars, no reference to Hacienda Filipina appear anywhere in the Ultramar archives in Villadolid or in any Spanish era documents in the Philippines.

The reference comes suddenly, out of the blue, in one single document, OCT -01-4.

There are references to Hacienda Filipinas, the fiscal and financial affairs of the Spanish colony, but none whatsoever associated with a King og Luisong or a Kingdom of Maharila.


So the sole existence of the Tallano Hacienda Filipina is to be drawn from the single document, OCT-01-4.

All other references to Hacienda Filipina post date 1 January 1764. And none of those documents have been examined, either.

As of this moment, then, there is nothing to suggest that the nation Hacienda Filipina ever existed and no verified validated documents to show that it did.

So, let us move on to King (of) Luisong.


To be continued

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, know as the Maragtas


Interrogating Tallano – Is the Philippines the richest country in the world? Part 2

As we were conducting investigations and interrogation into OCT/Pritical 01-4 dated 1764 we discovered that if you step inside a genuine real estate agency in the Philippines and look around you’ll see a wall poster something like the one here. It is issued by the Housing and Urban Development Co-Ordinating Council, HUDCC, warning of dodgy dealers running squatting syndicates.

Squatting syndicates make money by drawing up fake documents then use them to sell land they don’t own to poorer people. It is a money-making scam that victimises both the real land-owner and the unwary purchaser.

Often the supposed original documents were written before World War 2 and air now claimed to be missing or so damaged as to be unreadable and therefore not available for validation by a document examiner or be presented in court.

Some of the names and docu,emts ciyed in this poster are familiar to those who follow the Tallano gold story.

Indeed, OCT 01-4 is the very first document on the list, just below it is the name of Prince Julian Tallano Group and other connected names.

Here is a closer view of the relevant part of the poster:


In 2002 the Supreme Court of the Philippines nullified a number of bogus land titles including those from theTallano and Acop groups.

Indeed, as recently as June 2017, a National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) probe requested by the DAR regarding a case in the Compostella Valley involving the Tallano group found it had no rightful claim. “Based on the investigation conducted by the NBI, the land titles of Tallanos’ group are fakes as verified by the Register of Deeds. We also found out that their leader, Tallano, is included in the list of professional squatters and a member of a squatting syndicate,” said local DARSheriff Adelaido Caminade. Read more here

Does this prove that OCT 01-4 is fraudulent? Not necessarily. Only a study by a historian familiar with the period together with a thorough forensic examination of the original and textual analysis can do that.  What we do know about the original ‘1764’ document is that it was barely readable which brings into question the accuracy of the translated text. Since that is the text presented by the proponents, that is what we have left to examine. It is a  01-4curious oversight by the Tallanos and, indeed, the courts, that this has not been done.

Before we continue the interrogation of OCT, however, There are certain consistent themes that appear in the Tallano claim:

A King of Liusong/King Luisong

The term Hacienda Filipina

A Kingdom and tribe called Maharlika which comprised the whole of Luzon.

Let’s look at those next.


Next Episode

Read Part One


Interrogating Tallano – Is the Philippines the richest country in the world? Part One

I have long been fascinated by the claim that the Philippines is entirely owned by a royal family that lays claim to many millions of tonnes of gold. Who wouldn’t be? Especially since there is no historical record of a Kingdom of Maharlika and a Hacienda Filipina nor a Christian King Lusong who ruled the entire island of Luzon.

There are references all over social media, Youtube and elsewhere to this fantastic haul of riches and royalty. It would be too easy to dismiss the tale as a fantasy, constructed by a fantasist, supported by a semi-religious cult apparently to show that the late Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines secured his family’s massive wealth by some other means than by being paid backhanders by the likes of Westinghouse – which dropped him $18m for saddling his country with the expesnse of building an obsolete nuclear powerstation in an earthquake zone – and his plundering of the national treasury and the gold reserves of the Central Bank of the Philippines,  to the tune of $10bn.

That would be an ad-hominem argument and not a proper way to discuss a historical investigation of such importance. One must investigate relevant documents. In this case, there is considerable difficulty in doing so. The proponents of the Tallano gold have been very reluctant to present original documents, of which one in particularly is of such importance to the case that without it, there is no case. It is the sole document that supports the claims.

Today it is referred to as OCT 01-4, issued under the authority of Royal Audencia in Manila while Manila was under control of the East India Company. It is allegedly signed by Dawsonne Drake, then governor of Manila and witnessed by His Highness, George III, King of England.

At least according to a translation presented during several court hearings over the years related to the Tallano estate.

The document itself has never been presented in any court and, for some reason, no-one has sought to have it validated by a forensic document examiner or a historian familiar with the period despite the enormous sums of money and territory involved.  So, as of this moment, with a lack of evidence that the original document actually exists we must interrogate what does exist – the certified translation enter into court and presented by the Tallano gold proponents.

At no time have the Tallano gold proponents questioned the translation, or offered an alternative, so it must be accepted as the key document in their arguments since they present no pre-existing document.

An investigation is a journey.

Join me on the journey.

Part Two





Fruit of the Day

Some people are only comfortable doing what they’ve done before. My approach to film or video has always been “What do I want to do?” and, second “What haven’t I done before?”. “I don’t know how to do that” is not excuse for not doing something. Of course, it helps having a lot of experience – sometimes one instinctively knows something can be done, something can be fixed, without knowing exactly how – because there are so many options. A bit like life.